12-4 Summer 2001 “Colleges for the Community” Resource GuideMay 15th, 2001 | By Jon Reyhner | Category: 12-4: Colleges for the Community, Resource Guides
Historically, in the United States and Canada the purpose of Indian education has been to detribalize American Indian children and to assimilate them into the mainstream English-speaking culture. Native cultures were seen as “savage,” and boarding schools were built to remove Native children from what white government officials saw as the bad influence of their parents. Of course, from the beginning Native peoples questioned and resisted this attack on their cultures and families, and the evidence of its negative effects, especially on the mental health and academic achievement of Native children, piled up over the years. Finally, in the early 1970s American Indians and Alaska Natives were successful in pressuring the U.S. government to repudiate its policy of forced assimilation and replace it with a policy of self-determination.
Despite recent changes, the centuries of assault on indigenous cultures have deeply damaged many Native families and communities. The resources listed below are only a sample of the many available that can help heal and rebuild these families and communities and give their children an increased chance for success in life. There is a focus here on community-based drug and alcohol programs because drug and alcohol abuse devastates Native and non-Native communities worldwide, and there is a second focus on family literacy because an enormous amount of research indicates that children who read well do well in school.
Aboriginal Youth Network
Provides an online youth community across Canada and where youth can connect, make friends, access information, and exchange ideas, ideals, values, beliefs, and above all, their cultures and traditions [Aboriginal Youth Network, c/o Nechi Institute, P.O. Box 34007, Kingsway Mall P.O., Edmonton, Alberta T5G 3G4 Canada; phone 800/459-1884 or 780/459-1884; fax 780/458-1883; e-mail email@example.com].
Bilingual Families Web Page
A place for bilingual parents to find information and resources to help them raise their children bilingually. E-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
CSAP Resource Guide: American Indians and Native Alaskans
Center for Substance Abuse Prevention list of materials, studies, articles, reports, groups, organizations, and programs as of 1998 (National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information, P.O. Box 2345, Rockville, MD 20847-2345; phone 800/729-6686 or 301/468-2600; e-mail email@example.com)
National Parent Information Network
Provides information through a virtual library, an “Ask ERIC” question-answering service, and a PARENTING-L electronic discussion list (Anne Robertson, ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Children’s Research Center, 51 Gerty Drive, Champaign, IL 61820-7469; phone 800/583-4135; e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org).
Parents Guide to the Internet
1997 tutorial guide to help parents use the Internet (U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Educational Research and Improvement, Media and Information Services, 555 New Jersey Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20208-5570; e-mail email@example.com; phone 800/USA-Learn).
Simple Things You Can Do To Help All Children Read Well and Independently by the End of the Third Grade
Lists things parents, grandparents, and others can do to help children read (America Reads Challenge, U.S. Department of Education, 7th Floor, 400 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, DC 20202-0107; phone 202/401-8888; e-mail AmericaReads @ed.gov).
Articles and Pamphlets
Angell, G.B; Kurz, B.J; & Gottfried, G.M (1997). Suicide and North American Indians: A social constructivist perspective. Journal of Multicultural Social Work, 6(3/4) p. 1-26.
Examines suicide from an Ojibwa perspective, explores the loss of cultural values, and offers suggestions for counselors and social workers through a case study of a 15-year-old urban boy.
Davis, J. (1992). Factors contributing to post secondary achievement of American Indians. Tribal College Journal, 4(2), 24-30.
Case study of ten successful college students examining the factors that influenced their success.
Dodd, John M., et al. (1998/99). American Indian retention. NASPA Journal, 33, 72-78.
Presents results of study undertaken to learn what academically successful American Indian students at one college encountered and what persons and support services helped with their academic success. Most students indicated the importance of family support and few reported academic obstacles, indicating the importance of student support services.
Edwards, D. E., & Edwards, M. E. (1988). Alcoholism prevention/treatment and Native American youth: A community approach. The Journal of Drug Issues, 18(1), 103-114.
Recommends a community-based approach for adolescent treatment.