13-4 “The Many Faces of Leadership” Resource Guide

May 15th, 2002 | By | Category: 13-4: The Many Faces of Leadership, Resource Guides
By Tim Begaye

The following is the most comprehensive list of resources available for those interested in learning more about Native leadership as practice, study, or research. This resource guide will introduce readers to the breadth and scope of scholarship on leadership and the extent to which it is applicable to Indian communities or organizations. While my search revealed limited material on “American Indian or Native educational leadership” compared to the enormous quantities of literature available on mainstream leadership, persistent searches in various databases and clearinghouses revealed a scattering of light topics.

My research to define the term “leadership” has been difficult because it is abstract, broad, and subjective. Translating leadership discussions from English into tribal languages further complicates the subject. An in-depth study of leadership is usually limited to analyzing the tangible characteristics of individuals or organizations. A thorough understanding requires studying individual and collective values, norms, and beliefs. It also requires studying how an institution and community’s objectives are prioritized and accomplished. In reality, understanding leadership requires comprehensively analyzing social, economic, and political factors and relationship dynamics.

The following list of resources, while admittedly incomplete, is intended to introduce the topic of educational leadership in Native-based organizations or communities. The list shows the limited material that is currently available and should reveal how Native researchers, funders, and institutions need to give more attention to the study of Native leadership.


There are too many institutions of higher education with programs referring to “leadership” to be included in this section. The programs with a mainstream theoretical leadership tint are numerous, and programs with a particular Native leadership emphasis are few. They also tend to be a small part of larger institutional programs and are usually offered as a sub-component of a broader focus on Native-related topics. There are a few institutions that provide in-depth “study” of American Indian leadership whether in education or otherwise. The following institutions have historically worked with Native educational leaders.

Penn State University at University Park, PA, offers an American Indian Leadership Program training in Indian education. Graduates are expected to step up to a higher level of service in Indian education, joining other “Penn Staters” who are leading the way throughout the United States. One of the many goals of the program is to provide education for the development of qualified administrators capable of managing contract schools, Bureau of Indian Affairs schools, Indian community colleges, other tribal or public schools serving Indian children, and other organizations, institutions, or government agencies concerned with the education of Indian people. Contact Penn State University, American Indian Leadership Program, 300 Rackley Building, University Park, PA 16802.  Phone: 814-865-1487. Fax: 814-865-1480.  Webpage <www.ed.psu.edu/ailp>.

The University of Oklahoma in Norman, OK has a program in Educational Leadership and Policy Studies. There are several graduate program areas, one of which is the American Indian Leadership in School Administration, a program intended to increase the number of American Indian principals in schools serving significant numbers of American Indian children. Contact Department of Educational Leadership and Policy Studies, Collins Hall, Room 227, 820 Van Vleet Oval, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019-0269.  Phone: (405) 325-4202.  Fax: (405) 325-2403.  Webpage <www.ou.edu/education/elps/elps.htm>.

The Harvard University Graduate School of Education offers numerous professional development programs for educational leaders that a number of current tribal college administrators have attended. One popular one is the Management Development Program (MDP) for deans, directors, and other administrators interested in new ideas about critical management issues, budgeting, human resource management, planning, and effective leadership. Another program is the Institute for Educational Management (IEM), which is designed for the most senior-level administrators. It examines effective approaches to balancing internal and external leadership roles; leading in a changing context; articulating a powerful vision for your institution; and enlisting others in that vision. Contact Programs in Professional Education, Harvard Graduate School of Education, 14 Story Street, Cambridge, MA 02138. Phone: (800) 545-1849. Fax: (617) 496-8051. Webpage <www.gse.harvard.edu/~ppe/>.


Alicea, Jose Antonio (1995). Leadership and struggle: The Roxbury Community College presidency. (Doctoral Dissertation, Harvard University, 1997). Dissertation Abstracts International, 57(07), 2820A. (University Microfilms No. AAT96-38783)

Baynum, Thomas Bruce (2000). An analysis of the content of community college leadership programs in the United States: A Delphi study. (Doctoral Dissertation, Baylor University, 2000). Dissertation Abstracts International, 61(06), 2157A. (University Microfilms No. AAT99-76809)

Begay, Manley Alan, Jr. (1997). Leading by choice, not chance: Leadership education for Native chief executives of American Indian nations. (Doctoral Dissertation, Harvard University, 1997). Dissertation Abstracts International, 58(08), 2955A. (University Microfilms No. AAT98-07231)

Donnelly, Joseph C., Jr. (1996). College presidents: Leadership and longevity. (Doctoral Dissertation, Harvard University, 1996). Dissertation Abstracts International, 57(07), 2892A. (University Microfilms No. AAT96-38739)

Fowler, Verna M. (1992). Leadership of American Indian presidents of accredited tribally chartered community colleges. (Doctoral Dissertation, University of North Dakota, 1993). Dissertation Abstracts International, 53(12), 4147A. (University Microfilms No. AAT93-12402)

Leave a Comment

You must be logged in to post a comment.